대한흉부영상의학회 Korean Society of Thoracic Radiology GuerBet

대한흉부영상의학회 Weekly Case 메뉴

Close

대한흉부영상의학회 Weekly Case 검색
대한흉부영상의학회 Weekly Case 검색
Advanced Search..

Close

Weekly Chest CasesArchive of Old Cases

Case No : 903 Date 2015-02-16

  • Courtesy of Ka Young Jeon, Jeong Joo Woo / Eulji Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine
  • Age/Sex 18 / F
  • Chief ComplaintGeneralized edema, Left flank pain. Patient has been on a diet medication for several months.
  • Figure 1
  • Figure 2
  • Figure 3

Diagnosis With Brief Discussion

Diagnosis
Pulmonary infarction
Radiologic Findings
Chest PA radiograph shows ill-defined ground glass opacity and consolidation in the peripheral portion of the left lower lung, causing obliteration of costophrenic angle. Axial CT images depict a pleural-based polygonal shape consolidation with central lucencies. Enhanced CT was not performed because the patient had an increased BUN. Follow-up d-dimer test, perfusion scan, and clinical course confirmed acute pulmonary infarction.
Brief Review
The patient was diagnosed as drug induced nephrotic syndrome. Patients with nephrotic syndrome are at an increased risk for thrombotic events, such as pulmonary thromboembolism. Increased platelet activation, enhanced red blood cell aggregation, and an imbalance between procoagulant and anticoagulant factors are thought to underlie the excessive thrombotic risk.
Pulmonary thromboembolism is the most common cause of pulmonary infarction. Less than 15% of emboli cause true pulmonary infarction. On pathologic study, pulmonary infarction is characterized by ischemic necrosis of alveolar walls, bronchioles, and blood vessels within an area of hemorrhage. Most infarcts occur in the lower lobes, and the majority is multiple. Usually they are roughly cone-shaped areas of hemorrhage and edema that point toward the hilum and are based on the pleura and accompanied by a small pleural effusion. Presence of central lucencies had 98% specificity and 46% sensitivity for pulmonary infarction. When the vessel sign and negative air bronchogram were combined with central lucencies, specificity was increased to 99%.
Following infarction, fibrous replacement converts the infarct into a contracted scar, with indrawing of the pleura. Local hemorrhage may be the dominant finding with no evidence of tissue necrosis. These lesions resolve without residual scar formation when the consolidation is the result of pulmonary hemorrhage without true infarction. Radiographic clearing of pulmonary hemorrhage occurs quickly, often within a week, whereas infarction takes several months to resolve and frequently leaves permanent linear scars. By 3 months, infarct shadows either are totally resolved or show no more than linear scarring or pleural thickening. As infarcts resolve, they tend to ‘melt away like an ice cube’ whereas acute pneumonia disappears in a patchy fashion.
References
1.Hansel DM, Imaging of Disease of the Chest 5th Ed.p385-
2. Revel MP, Triki R, Chatellier G, Couchon S, Haddad N, Hernigou A,et al. Is It Possible to Recognize Pulmonary Infarction on Multisection CT Images? Radiology 2007;244:875-882
3. Int J Nephrol. 2014;2014:906760 doi:10.1155/2014/916760.Epub 2014.Apr 16.
Keywords
Lung, Vascular, Vascular,

No. of Applicants : 65

▶ Correct Answer : 23/65,  35.4%
  • - Otsu Red Cross Hospital , Japan Hirotsugu Nakai
  • - The University of Tokyo Hospital , Japan Akifumi Hagiwara
  • - All India Institute of Medical Sciences , India Jitesh Ahuja
  • - alzahra , Iran johary s
  • - Avrasya Hospital , Turkey Murat Ulusoy
  • - university of montreal , Canada Andrei Gorgos I
  • - CHRU Lille , France Julien Pagniez
  • - The University of Tokyo Hospital , Japan Toshihiro Furuta
  • - The University of Tokyo Hospital , Japan Takeyuki Watadani
  • - Yokohama-asahi-chuo-general hospital , Japan Kyoko Nagai
  • - CHRU Lille , France Jeremy Hanckowiak
  • - Bahcesehir University School of Medicine, Radiology Department , Turkey Mustafa Kemal Demir
  • - Asan Medical Center, Ulsan University , Korea (South) Mi Young Kim
  • - University of the Ryukyus , Japan Nanae Tsuchiya
  • - CNUH , Korea (South) Noh Hoon
  • - Haeundae Paik Hospital , Korea (South)
  • - Shiga University of Medical Science , Japan Akitoshi Inoue
  • - Hi hospital , Korea (South) 源€吏€
  • - National Center hospital of Neurology and Psychiatry , Japan Kaoru Sumida
  • - All India Institute of medical sciences , India Justin Moses
  • - CHU Poitiers , France CHAN paul
  • - Ibaraki-gazou-shindan , Japan Shoichi Katoh
  • - Wuhan Union Hospital , China Qiguang Cheng
▶ Correct Answer as Differential Diagnosis : 5/65,  7.7%
  • - Kyoto University , Japan Akihiko Sakata
  • - MBAL BURGAS , Bulgaria VLADISLAV RUSINOV
  • - Niigata City General Hospital , Japan Takao Kiguchi
  • - Pneumologia Universitaria, Policlinico di Bari , Italy Mario Damiani
  • - Kizawa Memorial Hospital , Japan Yo Kaneko
▶ Semi-Correct Answer : 8/65,  12.3%
  • - Northern Yokohama Showa university , Japan Kota Watanabe
  • - The University of Tokyo , Japan Eisuke Shibata
  • - Seoul National University Hospital , Korea (South) Hyoung-In Choi
  • - DAYA General Hospital,Thrissur,Kerala , India Raveendran TK
  • - Ondokuz Mayis University , Turkey Cetin Celenk
  • - IRSA La Rochelle , France Denis Chabassiere
  • - CLINIQUE STE CLOTILDE , Reunion patrick MASCAREL
  • - Nagasaki University Hospital, Department of Pathology , Japan TOMONORI TANAKA
  • Top
  • Back

Each Case of This Site Supplied by the Members of KSTR.
Copyright of the Images is in the KSTR and Original Supplier.
Current Editor : Sung Shine Shim, MD, PhD. Email : sinisim@ewha.ac.kr

This website is optimized for IE 10 and above.